A web scraper or a web crawler is a tool or a library that performs the process of automatically extracting the selective data from web pages on the Internet. Numerous web scrapers have played significant roles in the rapid increase in big data applications. Due to these tools, developers were able to collect a huge amount of data very easily and quickly that was later used for researches and big data applications.
Like many other programming languages, Java is one of the most dominating programming languages in the industry also offers a variety of Java web crawlers. These web scrapers allow Java developers to keep coding on their existing Java source code or framework and help in scraping data for various purposes in a fast, simple but extensive way.
We will walk through the top 10 recent Java web crawling libraries and tools that you can easily use to collect the required data in 2021,
First on the list is Heritrix. It is an open-source Java web crawling library with high extensibility and is also designed for web archiving. It also provides a very easy-to-use web-based user interface accessible with any modern web browser that can be used for operational controls and for monitoring the crawls.
Its highlighted features include:
Web-Harvest is another exceptional open-source java crawling tool. It offers the feature for collecting useful data from selective web pages. To successfully achieve that, it mostly relies on XSLT, XQuery, and Regular Expressions to search and filter content from HTML and XML-based websites. It can also be easily integrated with custom Java libraries to further utilize its extraction capabilities.
Its best features are:
Apache Nutch is a unique Java web crawling tool that comes with a highly modular architecture. It allows Java developers to create custom plug-ins for applications like media-type parsing, data retrieval, querying, and clustering. Due to being pluggable and modular, Apache Nutch comes with an extensible interface to adjust all the custom implementations.
Its main advantages are:
Its highlighting features are:
StormCrawler is a full-fledged Java web crawler. It offers a collection of reusable features and components, all of them mostly written in Java. It is one of the most suited tools for building low-latency, scalable and optimized web crawling solutions in Java and also is perfect to serve streams of URLs for crawling.
Its unique features include:
Gecco is a complete framework designed for Java web crawling. It is a lightweight and easy-to-use web crawler completely written in Java language. Gecco framework is preferred mainly for its exceptional scalability. This framework is developed primarily based on the principle of open and close design, the provision to modify the closure, and the expansion of the open.
Gecco’s main pros are:
WebSPHINX (Website-Specific Processors for HTML Information extraction) is an excellent Java web crawling tool as a Java class library and interactive development environment for various other web crawlers. WebSPHINX consists of two main parts: first, the Crawler Workbench and the WebSPHINX class library. It also provides a fully functional graphical user interface that lets the users configure and control a customizable Java web crawler.
Its highlighting feature is:
Jsoup is another great option for a Java web crawling library. It allows Java developers to navigate the real-world HTML. It is also preferred by many developers prefer it over many other options because it offers quite a convenient API for extracting and manipulating all the collected data by making use of the best of DOM, CSS, and jquery-like methods.
Its advantages are:
Its promising features include:
Norconex is the most unique Java web crawler among all as it is targets the enterprise needs of a user. It is a great crawling tool as it enables users to crawl any kind of web content that they need. It can even be used as a full-featured collector or users can embed it in their application. It is compatible with almost every operating system. Due to being a large-scale tool, it can crawl up to millions of pages on a single server of medium capacity.
See Also: Top 10 Java Machine Learning Tools And Libraries
The prominent features by Norconex include:
As the applications of web scraping are increasing, the use of Java web crawling tools is also set to rapidly grow. As there are many Java crawler libraries now available, and each one offers its unique features, users will have to study some more web crawlers to find the one that suits them best and fulfill all their needs. It will help them easily leverage these tools to power the web scraping task for their data collection.
Shaharyar Lalani is a developer with a strong interest in business analysis, project management, and UX design. He writes and teaches extensively on themes current in the world of web and app development, especially in Java technology.
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